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On the Cover

Biomass uniquely stands out as the only sustainable carbon carrier among all the other existing renewable sources. It has been recognized to play a critical role in the global efforts to produce carbon-neutral energy. Thermochemical processes, which include pyrolysis, torrefaction, gasification, combustion, and hydrothermal conversions, are perceived to be more efficient in converting biomass into energy and related value-added products than biochemical processes. The successful commercialization of these processes is contingent upon optimized reactor and process designs, which can be effectively achieved via modeling and simulation. As a result, many researchers have developed models of various scales with numerous simplifying assumptions for specific applications of thermochemical conversion of waste biomass. However, there is a research gap that needs to be explored to elaborate the scale of applicability, limitations, accuracy, validity, and special features of each model. For this purpose, in the December 2021 Issue of Biofuel Research Journal, a team of researchers at the University of Moratuwa (Sri Lanka) has reviewed and critically discussed all these important aspects of the existing models for all established industrial thermochemical conversion processes of biomass, thus presenting commercial-scale applicability in terms of reactor design, process control and optimization, and potential ways to upgrade existing models for higher accuracy (DOI: 10.18331/BRJ2021.8.4.3). Cover art by BiofuelResJ. ©2021.

Biofuel Research Journal (BRJ) publishes high-quality original articles, review articles, case studies, book reviews, short communications, and hypotheses on the fundamentals, applications, processing, and management of biofuel and bioproduct research and technologies: 

  • Biofuels & Bioproducts
  • Biodiesel
  • Bioalcohols (bioethanol, biobuthanol, etc.)
  • Biogas (biomethane & biohydrogen)
  • Biomass valorization
  • Algal biofuels & bioproducts
  • Bioprocess (bioreactions, bioreactors, membrane-bioreactors, fermentation, etc.)
  • Biorefineries for biofuels & bioproducts
  • Applied microbiology
  • Combustion
  • Bioresource technologies associated with conversion or production of biofuels & bioproducts

Moreover, novel and integrated biofuel & bioproduct processing and hybrid systems as well as energy audit for biofuel & bioproduct production plants are of interest. The journal also seeks to publish articles with a focus on the application of artificial photosynthesis for biofuels production, carbon footprint analysis, strategies for limiting green house gas (GHG) emissions, life cycle assessment (LCA) and exergy analysis of biofuel & bioproduct production/application pathways, compliance with the international standards (such as PAS 2050:2011 and ISO 14040:2006), technoeconomic analysis of biofuel & bioproduct production/application, impacts of biofuel & bioproduct production/consumption on climate change, futuristic pathways for biofuel & bioproduct production, and promotion of biofuel  & bioproduct applications in the developing world for indigenous development. In addition to the above, BRJ also considers articles with a focus on biofuels & bioproducts in Circular Economy as well as biofuels & bioproducts finance.

Biofuel Research Journal is indexed in Scopus and Web of Science.

BRJ does not charge any submission or publication fees. 

Editor-in-Chief: Meisam Tabatabaei

International Advisory Board: Yusuf Chisti, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail, Seeram Ramakrishna, Solange I. Mussatto

> View Full Editorial Board

Current Issue: Volume 8, Issue 4, Autumn 2021, Pages 1465-1550 

3. Modeling of thermochemical conversion of waste biomass – a comprehensive review

Pages 1481-1528


Sinhara M.H.D. Perera; Chathuranga Wickramasinghe; B.K.T. Samarasiri; Mahinsasa Narayana

Modeling of thermochemical conversion of waste biomass – a comprehensive review