Document Type : Research Paper
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Ilorin, PMB1515, Ilorin, Nigeria.
Department of Chemical Engineering, LadokeAkintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria.
European Bioenergy Research Institute, CEAC, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
College of Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea, SA2 8PP, United Kingdom.
Non-conventional agricultural residues such as Parinari polyandra Benth fruit shell (PPBFS) are potential sources of biomass feedstock that have not been investigated for bio oil production. In this study, PPBFS was pyrolyzed via an intermediate pyrolysis process for the production of bio oil. The bio oils were obtained using a fixed bed reactor within a temperature range of 375–550 oC and were characterized to determine their physicochemical properties. The most abundant organic compounds present were acetic acid, toluene, 2-cyclopenten-1-one, 2-furanmethanol, phenol, guaiacol and 2,6-dimethoxyphenol. The bio-oil produced at 550 oC possessed a higher quantity of desirable compounds than those produced at lower temperatures. The presence of acetic acids in the bio-oil suggested the need to upgrade the bio-oil before utilization as a fuel source.