Document Type: Research Paper
Ho Chi Minh city University of Transport, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam.
Ho Chi Minh city University of Technology (HUTECH), Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam.
Hanoi University of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam.
The long term use of pure vegetable oil in diesel engines should be thoroughly evaluated from different perspectives including engine performance, deposit formation, etc. to ensure its compatibility. In line with that, the trilateral correlation of spray characteristics, combustion parameters, and deposit formation in the injector hole of a high-speed, 4-stroke, direct injection diesel engine fueled with pure Jatropha oil and diesel fuel (DF) was studied. Jatropha oil was investogated at room temperature 30 oC (PSJO30) and in preheated form at 90 oC (PSJO90). The expertimental tests were conducted in two phases: (i)- investigation of the spray characteristics of the fuels including cone angle and penetration length at 200 bar of injection pressure, (ii)- investigation of the combustion characteristics (i.e., thermal efficiency and engine emissions) and deposits formation in the injector hole of the diesel engine at 0 h and 300 h of operation. The results obtained showed large differences between the spray characteristics of PJO30 and the other fuels investigated. Moreover, this fuel led to significant reductions in NOx emissions (14.69-20.30%) and thermal efficiency (3.04-4.41%) but large increases in CO emissions (26.36-77.57%), HC emissions (48.98-77.85%), and smoke (58.43-131.71%). It also resulted in huge deposits formed in the injector hole after 300 h of the endurance test compared to DF and PJO90 as revealed by optical observations using scanning electron microscopy analysis. Overall and compared to DF, PSJO30 cannot be recommemded for long term use in diesel engines while PSJO90 may only be considered as an alternative fuel in the short term.
- Preheated and unpreheated straight Jatropha oil, and fossil diesel fuel were experimentally compared.
- Spray characteristics, i.e., cone angle and penetration length were investigated.
- Thermal efficiency and emission parameters were tested at 0 h and after 300 h of engine operation.
- Trilateral correlation of spray characteristics, combustion parameters, and deposit accumulation in injector orifice was analyzed.